Senhora Guerra is one of Lisbon’s faddists, a group of talented vocalists who specialize in a particular form of musical heartbreak known as fado. Combining elements of Moorish fatalism with chivalric romance, fado appeals to the Portuguese spirit of saudade, a term meaning, roughly and then longing for what might have been. On a good night Senhora Guerra can reduce an entire audience to grateful despair. After one such performance at a caf� in Bairro Alto, a friend introduced me to Senhora Guerra. I was new to Portugal then, and I envisioned fado as typical of the country’s troubles�a preoccupation with misfortune and the futility of life. Senhora Guerra kindly corrected me. “Fado,” she explained, “deals essentially with love, and therefore with sorrow. The two are inseparable, and it is merely that bittersweet quality of life, not hopelessness, that fado portrays. “You have a type of fado in your own country called the cigarettes online. It is a lovely form and certainly very sad, but it does not mean you Americans are a troubled people simply because you enjoy it.” ALMOST NO ONE in Lisbon feels a sense of saudade for the years prior to 1974. For nearly half a century before that time Portugal endured the dictatorship established by Antonio Salazar. Salazar came to power in 1932, following two decades of political turmoil that succeeded the centuries-old monarchy. Salazar ruled for the next 36 years, until a disabling stroke in 1968 forced the appointment of a successor, Marcello Caetano. Six years later, on the morning of April 25, 1974, a group of young army officers in Lisbon overthrew the Caetano regime and declared Portugal a republic. “The country simply exploded with joy,” recalls Maria Paula, then a young journalist in Lisbon and now the wife of a newspaper editor. “April 25 was a true revolution, not just a coup, and the people knew it. Those were incredible days for Portugal, with street demonstrations, political rallies, and public debates�all the things that had been forbidden us for more than 40 years.” Despite universal chaos, apparently only five people died throughout the country, two of them accidentally. Rarely in history has an entire nation changed hands at so little cost in human lives and suffering? “It was typically Portuguese,” Maria remarks. “We are a passionate people, but we do not like violence. If you have seen a Portuguese bullfight, you will understand: Everything is done with Great Spirit and fanfare, but the outcome is always predictable�very few are injured and no one dies, not even the bull. Someone has said that we Portuguese practice politics the same way.” Someone doesn’t know what he’s talking about. Nothing compares to Portuguese politics for sheer uncertainty and confusion. During the six years following the 1974 revolution, the country has had no fewer than a dozen different governments�six of them provisional, one Communist-controlled, and at least eleven doomed to eventual collapse. “We’re so fond of democratic government,” one politician told me ruefully, “we can’t seem to get enough of it.”
One window that won’t leave you cold No matter how cheek-chilling or nose-numbing the weather is outside, these beautiful Andersen® Parma-Shield° Caroline® windows help keep you warm and comfortable inside. That’s because they insulate where heat loss might otherwise be the greatest—in the windows. In a one-story house their snug-fitting design may save nearly as much in heating cost as 6 inches of additional ceiling insulation. The window’s design is two times more weather tight than industry air-infiltration standards. The better to keep out drafts and in comfort the year around. If you also compare Andersen’s use of double-pane insulating glass to old-fashioned single-pane glass, the savings really jump. To more than the equivalent of 12 inches of additional ceiling insulation Add triple glazing and the savings pile up still higher. And when properly sized and oriented the windows can take advantage of the warming winter sun to save even more. Your Andersen dealer has more heartwarming details. See the Yellow Pages under “Windows”.